When we start to speak about historical sites in Tehran, automatically Golestan palace with its impressive architecture will be our first topic. Relax under the plane trees, look at old and colorful tiles, listen to the songs of fountains and think about Persian history. Exactly in the middle of old Tehran and next to the Grand Bazaar of Tehran you can find some buildings that tell some stories from hundreds of years ago when the Qajar kings were living there. Although This historical site was built during the Zandie dynasty, it was the royal palace in the Qajar dynasty. This palace consists of several buildings like Marble hall, Karimkhani corner, main hall, diamond building and … which all of them have special features and nowadays are using by cultural heritage organization of Islamic republic of Iran as particular museums. Marble hall is the special Ivan which in this location dreams come true. Solomon’s throne was carried by angels and demons but the second king of the Qajar dynasty made them stone to show his power and changed it to a seat for ceremonies. Also, He has relaxed in the Karimkhani corner and has smoked water pipes on the flat thrown that is located there. Don’t be surprised if you saw a tombstone next to the relaxing thrown because everything has an amazing story in this royal complex.
At the 37th session of the world heritage committee of UNESCO (Phnom Penh,2013), the Golestan Palace has been registered as the 16th world heritage site of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The most important factors that despite the finance ministry’s tall wall, convinced UNESCO’s experts to register this site, were attributing human genius to a brand new art school, interaction of human values which is a combination of Persian traditional architecture and European(western) architecture, having a special technology or evidence of a particular civilization and finally being a primary pattern of architecture regarding a specific era.
Although you can find some documents which show that this royal palace was built in the Safavid dynasty and about 452 years ago, the most important historical period of this place belongs to the Qajar dynasty. Aqa Mohammad Khan Qajar (the first king of the Qajar dynasty) moved the capital to Tehran from Shiraz (capital of Zandye dynasty) after killing the last king of the previous dynasty. He began to governing in a palace which had been rebuilt and had been besieged with sycamore trees, according to Pietro Della Valle’s travelogue. You can find no building that belongs to the Safavid era nowadays and Marble hall is the oldest part of this elegant palace. The coronation of Pahlavi kings was the last important historical event, after the ruling of Qajar kings in this imperial palace. In addition to using columns of Vakil castle in the Marble Hall and staying of 2nd queen Elizabeth at Golestan palace, there are several historical facts about this place that will surprise all tourists and visitors. In the Pahlavi dynasty, they chose other palaces in the north of Tehran for living, and usage of this palace changed to a museum. After the Islamic revolution in 1979 this palace had been closed for several years and opened again as a museum for visitors.
Tile working is one of the Persian arts that you can find all around Iran and ancient Persia but, in this palace, you will visit completely different tiles. Travel of Qajar kings to Europe causes their interests to be like European even in architecture. Stone printing, portrait paintings on tiles, and the picture of nature added to the traditional Persian tile styles. Little by little warm colors like yellow and pink sat instead of cold colors like blue, in other words, the spiritual world’s signs were replaced with the material world’s. variety of tile patterns in Golestan palace make it a kind of tile museum in the center of Tehran.
In the spring & summer (9 – 18)
In the fall & winter (9 – 17)
In the Ramadan (9:30 – 16:30)
Be noticed that in these days this site will be close:
9th & 10th of Muharram (Arabic calendar)
21st of Ramadan (Arabic calendar)
28th of Safar (Arabic calendar)
25th of Shawwal (Arabic calendar)
14th of Khordad (Persian calendar)
Main entrance: 500000 Rial
Marble throne: 300000 Rial
Karimkhani corner: free
Main hall (painting gallery + special museum + main hall): 1100000 Rial
Howzkhane: 300000 Rial
Shamsul Emareh: 300000 Rial
Wind tower building: 300000 Rial
Picture hall: 300000 Rial
Diamond building: 300000 Rial
White palace: 300000 Rial
Be noticed that on the 18th of may this site will be free.
Address: 15th of Khordad square, Khayyam Street, Imam Khomeini square, Tehran, Iran.
By metro: 15th of Khordad station, line 1.